A long time ago, humans went to the moon. Now, some researchers from George Mason University in the United States say we might want to build a settlement on Mars next. Let’s talk about why we might need to live somewhere other than Earth.
The number of people on Earth keeps going up. If this keeps happening, we might need to live outside Earth. That’s why scientists are looking at Mars as a possibility. In 1971, American spacecraft took pictures of Mars up close. After looking at the data, scientists thought Mars might be a good place to live. In 2008, NASA found water on Mars. Scientists say the climate and atmosphere on Mars are a bit like Earth’s.
There are places on Earth, like the Atacama Desert, that are similar to Mars. People can’t live there because it’s too dry. Scientists hope that the soil on Mars might be good for living.
Mars has more carbon and fewer weights than Earth. There are big storms and fast winds on Mars. It has the most mountains in our solar system.
Living on Mars is not easy. The first people there will have to live in a small space. They will face new problems and need to think about having enough food. Living on Mars needs strong and smart people who know a lot about science. Having enough oxygen is very important.
Building a settlement on Mars is a big challenge. It’s not like living on Earth. But scientists are thinking about it because the population on Earth is growing. If we want to keep growing, we might need to live on other planets, like Mars.